A heterogeneous lattice gas model for simulating pedestrian evacuation

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications (2012)




Heterogeneous lattice gas model; Local population density; Pedestrian evacuation; Interactions between pedestrians; Critical force of injury


Based on the cellular automata method (CA model) and the mobile lattice gas model (MLG model), we have developed a heterogeneous lattice gas model for simulating pedestrian evacuation processes under emergency. A local population density concept is introduced first. The update rule in the new model depends on the local population density and the exit crowded degree. The drift which is one of the key parameters influencing the evacuation process is allowed to change according to the local population density of the pedestrians. Interactions including attraction, repulsion and friction between every two pedestrians and those between a pedestrian and the building wall are described by a nonlinear function of the corresponding distance, and the repulsion forces increase sharply as the distances get small. A critical force of injury is introduced into the model, and its effects on the evacuation process are investigated. The model proposed has the heterogeneous features as compared to the MLG model or the basic CA model. Numerical examples show that the model proposed can capture the basic features of pedestrian evacuation, such as clogging and arching phenomena.