Simulation of space acquisition process of pedestrians using Proxemic Floor Field Model

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications (2012)

URL:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physa.2011.07.056

Keywords:

Pedestrian dynamics; Proxemics; Cellular automaton based modeling

Abstract:

We propose the Proxemic Floor Field Model as an extension of the Floor Field Model, which is one of the successful models describing pedestrian dynamics. Proxemic Floor Field is the Floor Field which corresponds to the effect of repulsion force between others. By introducing the Proxemic Floor Field and threshold, we investigate the process that pedestrian enters a certain area. The results of simulations are evaluated by simple approximate analyses and newly introduced indices. The difference in pedestrian behavior due to the disposition of the entrance is also confirmed, namely, the entrance in the corner of the area leads to the long entrance time because of the obstruction by pedestrians settling on the boundary cells.